Home Budget, Economy The Last Thing We Need Right Now is “Austerity”

The Last Thing We Need Right Now is “Austerity”


If you know anything about economics – and I’m not talking graduate-level Macroeconomics; Econ 101 will do just fine! – you know that gross domestic product is comprised of four main elements. Just to demonstrate how non-partisan this concept is, I’m going to quote Too Conservative’s “Cato the Elder” on this one:

“GDP = C + I + G +(Ex-Im) (Guess what the G stands for?) That’s math, not opinion.”

That’s right, gross domestic product is a function of: 1) private consumption; 2) investment; 3) government expenditures; and 4) exports minus imports.  Period.

A bit more “Econ 101”: In a recession, when “C” and “I” fall, about the only thing that can make up the difference is “G” — hence, Keynesian economics. And, clearly, unless you flunked Econ 101, you know that cutting “G” during a recession – aka, “austerity” – is THE LAST THING you’d ever want to do. In fact, cutting “G” during a recession would be the EXACT OPPOSITE of what any serious economist would recommend. To the contrary, as Joe Nocera reminded us all the other day:

We’ve all heard what happened in 1937 when Franklin Roosevelt, believing the Depression was over, tried to rein in federal spending. Cutting spending spiraled the country right back into the Great Depression, where it stayed until the arrival of the stimulus package known as World War II. That’s the path we’re now on. Our enemies could not have designed a better plan to weaken the American economy than this debt-ceiling deal.

I’d actually disagree in part with Nocera’s final clause, for a few reasons (e.g., spending cuts don’t really kick in 2011 or 2012), but I DO agree that the last thing Washington should have been focusing on the past few months is the short-term deficit (instead, they should have been extending unemployment benefits and passing other “countercyclical” policies), as opposed to the long-term, structural debt problem.

In fact, despite the howling from a lot of uninformed/duped people out there, those two things are not very well connected. Thus, our short-term deficit is driven by: a) extension of the Bush tax cuts, at a cost of $400 billion a year; b) the ongoing wars in Iraq and Afghanistan; c) the one-time-only “stimulus,” now winding down; and d) the recession itself, which has cut economic growth and, thus, tax revenues.  In contrast, long-term structural debt is driven overwhelmingly by one thing: spiraling health care costs. And guess what this latest debt deal does NOT address? That’s right, spiraling health care costs. Great work, guys!

So, what are we left with at this point, as stock markets around the world plummet and the world economy teeters on the edge once again? “Austerity.” And not only “austerity,” but “austerity” for absolutely no purpose, other than the radical, counterproductive, extremist Teapublican/Norquistian, “drown-government-in-the-bathtub” ideology that seems to pervade Congress right now, unfortunately.

The problem with deficit reduction (not even much of that, really) and “austerity” in a “down” economy, or even in a situation where we’re headed towards a “double-dip recession?” As libertarian Cato the Elder points out, “if we reduce spending as rapidly and as deeply as most of [the Tea Partiers] want, it will certainly throw us back into recession and quite possibly depression.” Or, as John Atcheson at Common Dreams explains, the Teapublican’s relentless “starve the beast” assault on the hated (by them, for god knows what reason) “gubmint,” has accomplished two main things: “profound income inequalities and the severe economic downturns that inevitably follow.” Or, to put it another way:

“Congratulations, America.  You’ve finally gotten big bad gubmint off your back. Enjoy the coming Great Depression.”

In sum, thanks a lot, Republicans. Oh, and thanks to everyone who voted for them. And thanks to everyone who stayed home in 2009 and 2010 (or 2000  or 2004, for that matter), because they didn’t think “elections mattered,” or they “didn’t have time,” or they were “demoralized,” or they felt the Democrats weren’t perfect enough, or whatever.

Do the thought experiment yourself: what if Al Gore had been president starting in 2001, instead of George W. Bush? What if John Kerry had beaten Bush in 2004, which he would have if a couple more million Democrats had gotten their butts to the polls? What if the Tea Party hadn’t romped in 2009 and 2010 (again, if Dems had taken a few minutes and performed their civic duty)? Also, not to let the Democratic Party completely off the hook: what if we had elected real Democrats (from the “Democratic wing of the party”) instead of conservadems — the people who helped keep the “stimulus” from being large enough and tailored properly; who kept health care reform legislation from REALLY “bending the cost curve,” by including a public option or even going to single payer; and from instituting a cap-and-trade system to put a price on carbon pollution, raising large amounts of revenue in the process?

How would things be today if we had voted in large numbers for Democrats, and progressives, over the radical “drown government” crowd?  One thing’s for sure: they’d be a lot better than they are now! Instead, we’ve got the LAST thing we’d ever want: austerity, combined with almost no fiscal or monetary tools at our disposal, as we face a potential “double dip” recession.  Again, I’d just like to thank Teapublicans – and, to an extent, conservadems – for all that. You guys rock. Or, actually, not. Carry on…

  • For more, see here. Apparently, being Teapublican means having neither a brain NOR a heart. Ugh.

  • Elaine in Roanoke

    It never ceases to amaze me the lack of basic economic knowledge the average American has. Part of the reason for that is our educational system, which doesn’t teach students about practical, everyday economic principles. Part of the reason is that the corporate media, indeed corporate America, doesn’t want the consumers to have the knowledge to actually make informed decisions in the marketplace.

    Hmmm…I feel a post coming on about that very subject. 🙂

    PS: I agree with every word of what you have said.

  • Redjek


    “GDP = C + I + G +(Ex-Im) (Guess what the G stands for?) That’s math, not opinion.”

    That’s right, gross domestic product is a function of: 1) private consumption; 2) investment; 3) government expenditures; and 4) exports minus imports.  Period.


    This is the “expenditure method” of calculating GDP, which “works on the principle that all of the product must be bought by somebody, therefore the value of the total product must be equal to people’s total expenditures in buying things.”

    So, private consumption and government expenditure must buy SOMETHING, and that SOMETHING must be produced.  (Care must be taken that consumption by government employees and welfare recipients is not double-counted.)  So, it merely looks at how much was purchased, and assumes that is what was produce.

    Government expenditures do not PRODUCE anything, and do not contribute to the Gross National PRODUCT.

  • Hugo Estrada

    I like post like these. I pretty much agree with most of what you said.

    The only thing that I disagree is on your opinions on voters and who we elected. Had 2008 never happened, I would totally agree with you. However those people did come out and vote and then the Democratic politicians did let them down. After decades of trying to get these people to the polls, we achieved it, and the results proved underwhelming. To them, it was futile.

    As for the conservadems, it looked like the pragmatic action to take.  In retrospect it does seem silly on our part, but getting conservative Democrats in office did win us the House and the Senate. On the other hand, they did cause for why liberals voters were so unmotivated by 2010.

    Right now the hard question is what we should do. Just electing people is not good enough. We all know we should organize, but it is hard to figure out how. It is hard to figure out what tactics we should use. It has to matter and be successful enough to keep people involved. I know I shouldn’t look back, but OFA promised to be this, and it hurts to have seen it wasted away.

  • Jim B

    If we could disguise the economic situation as a sensational story like the Murdoch hacking or Casey Anthony maybe we could reach those brainless voters who put those equally brainless politicians in office.

    I clicked on MSNBC this morning to check on the market and would you believe they were on the Anthony story.

  • Today’s announcement that the private sector added more than 150,000 jobs last month, the 17th straight month of private sector job growth, is encouraging news but there is still more work to be done. Far too many Americans are without the economic opportunities they deserve and unemployment, both nationally and in Virginia, is still too high.

    This report is another indication that, after a lost economic decade, we have begun the hard work of rebuilding, but we have a long way to go to get the economy back to full strength. Washington’s reckless partisanship has already slowed our progress toward recovery and threatens to halt it altogether. Rather than playing political games – which only increases uncertainty and anxiety in these already volatile times – Congress should find common ground on proposals that spur job growth and encourage hiring. Now is the time to focus on policies that create jobs for all Americans, not political maneuvers that aim to protect jobs for a few in Washington.