Overall, this is good stuff (see below) from AG Mark Herring's office. A few points I'd make: a) this is a diametrically different – and better! – point of view on environmental/energy issues than what we were getting with Ken Cuccinelli, and what we would have gotten if (god forbid) Mark Obenshain had won the 2013 election for AG; b) AG Herring states point blank the fact that human emissions of CO2 are causing climate change and threatening Virginia; c) AG Herring also argues, reasonably, that implementation costs must be balanced against the benefits to health, the environment and the economy when considering the proposal; d) because AG Herring understands that this is a draft rule, he's pointed out some legal questions that need to be addressed in the final rule, rather than rushing to sue (as the fossil fuel folks and the Bill Howells of the world want to do); and e) having said, that, I would say the last three bullets are unnecessary, as what the EPA is doing here is not only WELL within its legal authority (e.g., under the Clean Air Act), but frankly overdue and not aggressive enough to achieve the CO2 pollution reductions that scienists like Michael Mann say are required to avert catastrophic global warming. Let's stop procrastinating and get the job done already!
~Outlines a comprehensive approach to evaluating costs and benefits, and changes that can improve the Rule for Virginia ~
RICHMOND ()—In comments submitted to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency regarding its proposed Rule to reduce carbon emissions from power plants, Attorney General Mark R. Herring, in his role as Attorney General and counsel for Virginia consumers, has outlined an evaluation approach that considers economic, health, and environmental benefits alongside implementation costs. He also recommended policy changes that will give Virginia more flexibility in implementation and more equitable treatment for carbon reduction strategies, and identified potential legal issues that EPA should address prior to issuance of a final Rule.
Herring's comments on the proposed Rule outline substantive policy changes that will benefit Virginia consumers by giving the state more flexibility to pursue its carbon reduction goals and more equitable treatment to certain carbon reduction strategies:
- Virginia should receive more credit for recent investments that ratepayers have made in zero-carbon nuclear generation. The significant disparity between the credit given to nuclear and the credit given to solar and wind generation, both zero-carbon generation, should be addressed.
- The final Rule should make it clear that Virginia and other states can modify their initial compliance plan, without altering their commitment to their carbon reduction goal, if adjustments are needed to maintain grid reliability or respond to changes in energy market conditions.
- The final Rule should not limit Virginia's ability to receive credit for in-state energy efficiency savings. The proposed Rule appears to give Virginia credit for only 58% of MegaWatt hours avoided through energy efficiency programs, whereas new renewable generation would receive a 100% credit.
- The final Rule should promote regional cooperation and help prevent unintended consequences that might incentivize states to shut down facilities that serve customers in neighboring states.
The comments also outline several legal questions that should be addressed by the EPA to ensure the final Rule is firmly grounded in the law and within the EPA's legal authority:
- Because the Rule establishes different emissions goals for individual states, rather than uniform national standards, the EPA should ensure the final Rule is well within the powers afforded the EPA by the Clean Air Act and the reasonable deference the federal courts would grant the agency to interpret the Act.
- The EPA should thoroughly analyze the interaction of provisions within the Clean Air Act to ensure there is solid authority to implement regulations on existing facilities that are more stringent than regulations on new sources.
- The EPA should closely examine its authority to regulate emissions beyond power generation facilities, as that approach is new and, thus far, untested in a court of law.
The Attorney General's comments were developed after months of evaluation and meetings with a wide variety of stakeholders including utility and other business leaders and consumer, health, and environmental advocates.