New Study Finds Black K-12 Students Suspended, Expelled Disproportionately in Virginia

New Study Finds Black K-12 Students Suspended, Expelled Disproportionately in Virginia


A new study by researchers at my alma mater, the University of Pennsylvania, finds yet more evidence (as if we needed any more!) that racism is far from dead in the United States of America, and certainly not in the South. Check this out:

Nationally, 1.2 million Black students were suspended from K-12 public schools in a single academic year – 55% of those suspensions occurred in 13 Southern states. Districts in the South also were responsible for 50% of Black student expulsions from public schools in the United States…

In 132 Southern school districts, Blacks were disproportionately suspended at rates five times or higher than their representation in the student population.

Here in Virginia, it’s not good either, as “Blacks were 24% of students in school districts across the state, but comprised 51% of suspensions and 41% of expulsions.” In terms of “disproportionate impact,” the report finds that “Botetourt County Public Schools, Falls Church City Public Schools, Lexington City Public Schools, Maggie L. Walker Governor’s School, and Rappahannock County Public Schools are among [Virginia school] districts in which suspensions most disproportionately affected Black students.” For instance, Botetourt’s “disproportionate impact” score in the 2011-2012 school year was 4.3x, while Falls Church’s was 3.8x. Others that jumped out at me were several jurisdictions, such as Fairfax County (3.0x), Loudoun County (3.0x) and Arlington County (2.8x), which trend “blue” politically but still show an unacceptably high ratio of African-American students suspended or expelled relative to their population.

So what’s causing this disparity? According to the authors of the study, it’s exactly what you’d think:

“The findings in our report point to the residual effects of Jim Crow, slavery, and unequal schooling,” Harper said. “They are further explained by poverty trends, structural inequities in the education workforce, and a longstanding history of racial injustice that cyclically reproduces itself, especially across these 13 Southern states.”

What’s particularly unacceptable about this situation is this:

Suspensions and expulsions can carry life-changing consequences for children. They impact academic performance and disrupt pathways to college, but also how a school and community perceive a student.

It could take years to process through the trauma and stigma of being deemed a problem-that you’re not responsible, not serious,” Smith said. “Teachers and district leaders are signaling that you’re not worthy enough for us to invest in.”

The bottom line is that this situation is sadly unsurprising, yet completely unacceptable, and it needs to change ASAP, just as the disproportionate shootings of African Americans by police needs to change ASAP, and just as the disproportionate application of severe punishments (up to and including the death penalty) towards African Americans needs to change ASAP. I’d be very interested to hear a response on this from the “blue” jurisdictions I noted above…

  • totallynext

    For fairfax county you have to dig into the suspension rates by school..highest Rates occur at schools that have the highest diverse populations such as mt. Vernon .  So for fairfax numbers it is important to go down to the school level and look at the rates…then the numbers are crazy disportionate against minorities.  One year when I was reviewing the numbers it was like a suspension rate against th total enrollment was trending like 1 out of 4 students.

    couple of years ago when my son was suspended in the fairfax school district for something that should of received a detention at most I dug into the high suspension rate at mt. Vernon., got involved with the BS suspension appeals progress and came away with being extremely pissed at the system that was in place especially at the schools that have a majority minority population.

    1. Number one reason was the zero tolerance policy.  Local administrators stated that they did not have the ability to fit the “punishment” to past behavior, corrective action, and guidance, i.e. first strike your out regardless of past behavior trends (in my situation chikd was a senior, no previous suspensions, trouble, etc and was suspended because he said a cuss word)  Also the telling statement out of an administrators mouth was….at the schools that have higher economic demographics, the parents threaten to sue the schools thus the suspension doesn’t occur!!!!!

    Full disclosure, son is white, but the experience led us to understand the disportionate actions in majority/minority schools.

    Also I might add, I totally support schools have the ability to control and put in actions against students that may cause disruption and impact the security of the schools…but suspension for a cuss word under your breath is just a little bit extreme.  

    The suspension is a joke also, three days off, get to make up your work, so how is getting to stay home, play video games any sort of learning experience for the student to correct behavior?  There was no additional requirements such as writing an essay, picking up trash on school property, saturday school, impact on other things like sports (could not go to practice or play in a game only for the dates of suspension)or a cause and effect punishment.