Home 2014 Races Crunching Some Numbers on Vihstadt vs. Howze for Arlington County Board

Crunching Some Numbers on Vihstadt vs. Howze for Arlington County Board


There are only a handful of truly competitive, interesting races in Virginia this year, and the Arlington County Board rematch between Republican John Vihstadt (note: he falsely claims to be an “independent,” even though he is a life-long/big-time Republican donor, activist, etc.) and Democrat Alan Howze is one of them. This past April, Howze lost a special election (to fill the seat Chris Zimmerman vacated with his resignation to take another job) to Vihstadt by a 57%-41% margin (12,667-9,109). The question is, with the much higher Democratic turnout we’ll be seeing in Arlington on November 4 for Mark Warner, Don Beyer, etc., is Howze likely to beat Vihstadt this time around? Here are a few numbers to chew on.

*As you can see from the graph, the Democratic margin for Arlington County Board has ranged from a low of 7,340 in the lowest-turnout-election “odd” year of 2007 (when no statewide candidates were on the ballot), to a high of 47,836 in the presidential election year of 2008 (when there was no Republican candidate for Arlington County Board on the ballot; only a Green Party candidate, who got 21,451 votes).

*In “federal, non-presidential election years” like 2006 and 2010, where the top of the ticket was a U.S. Senate candidate (Jim Webb in 2006) or a U.S. House candidate (Jim Moran in 2010), the Democratic margin of victory for Arlington County Board was in the range of 12,324 (in 2010) and 23,928 (in 2006). I’d say this election is most comparable to 2006, a non-presidential “federal” election with a U.S. Senate candidate at the top of the ticket in Arlington. That would imply a Democratic margin for County Board of 23,928, but…let’s continue crunching numbers before we start breaking out the champagne or anything like that. 😉

*The highest number of non-Democratic votes in an  Arlington County Board election came in 2012, when the Republican (Matt Wavro) and Green Party (Audrey Clement) candidates combined for 38,001 votes. The winner of that election, Democrat Libby Garvey, received 59,619 votes — a margin of 34,387 votes over Wavro, but also a Democratic “dropoff” for County Board from the top of the ticket (Tim Kaine for Senate, who received 82,689 votes) of 23,070 votes.

*Other Democratic “dropoffs” in Arlington County Board elections were: Barbara Favola received 12,832 fewer votes than Mark Warner did in Arlington in 2008; Chris Zimmerman got 9,974 fewer votes than Jim Webb did in Arlington in 2006; Jay Fisette got 5,616 fewer votes than Creigh Deeds did in Arlington in the gubernatorial election of 2009.

*So, the question is…what’s Mark Warner going to get in Arlington this time, and how much will Alan Howze drop off from that? I ran this by Ben “Not Larry Sabato” Tribbett, and we had fun playing with the numbers. Our best guess was that around 70,000-75,000 votes will be cast in Arlington this year (for comparison, around 73,000 votes were cast in 2006), with Mark Warner getting 50,000-55,000 of those — an implied Warner victory margin in Arlington of around 25,000-40,000 votes.

*Then, the question becomes, how much will Alan Howze’s vote total “drop off” from Mark Warner’s? If Howze “drops off” by 23,000, as happened to the Democratic Arlington County Board candidate in 2012, that would imply he’d get between 27,000 and 32,000 votes. Let’s say Ed Gillespie gets 20,000 votes in Arlington; that would mean John Vihstadt would need to outperform old “Enron Ed” by 7,000-12,000 votes in order to have a shot at beating Howze.

*Of course, it’s possible that Howze’s Democratic “dropoff” will be lower OR higher than 23,000. It’s also possible that Vihstadt might not outperform Gillespie, or might outperform him by even more than 7,000-12,000 votes. To do the latter, though, Vihstadt would have to get a LOT of Democratic crossover votes, mostly from “federal” voters who aren’t particularly focused on local politics (e.g., they probably didn’t vote in the April County Board special election; they don’t tend to vote in non-gubernatorial “odd year” elections).

*It’s also worth noting that Vihstadt’s an incumbent, albeit not for very long, having been on the County Board only 5 months or so. That might give him a bit of an advantage, but we’ll see.

Bottom line: I’d rather be in Alan Howze’s position right now than John Vihstadt’s, but there’s definitely a “path to victory” for either candidate. The main challenge, it seems to me, will be for Arlington Democrats to really cover the polls on election day and get those Democratic sample ballots in people’s hands, particularly “federal voters” who aren’t focused on Arlington County local politics. It will also be interesting to see whether the streetcar issue, which was so heated in the spring, might have cooled off by now, especially given the fact that since April, the Commonwealth of Virginia has announced it will be paying a big chunk of the streetcar’s tab (just yesterday, Virginia reiterated its commitment). Given that, and the fact that the streetcar is projected to be such a bon for Arlington County (especially since Arlington taxpayers are essentially not footing the bill), the question is whether the same one-issue, anti-streetcar voters, including Democrats who turned out in April to cast a “protest vote” for Vihstadt, do the same in two weeks? Will a lot MORE of those one-issue voters turn out to vote for Vihstadt? I’m very skeptical, but it’s certainly possible I suppose. Stay tuned…

  • JHooe44

    I just find it interesting that even the most hardcore in local politics realize that Howze needs help to win from federal voters that you even admit don’t know the issues. Isn’t that a pretty good sign that Howze quite simply isn’t advocating the best policies?

    I live in Alexandria now, so I have no horse in the race and can’t vote. But I find it interesting that rather than adjusting his platform for losing, Howze doubled down on the streetcar issue with hope that low-information federal voters would get him over the top. It’s definitely a chance worth taking, and I think he’s a slight favorite – but he definitely has left the door open for another Vihstadt “protest” win on the county board.

  • JimWebster

    In only 5 months on the County Board, Republican John Vihstadt has betrayed his purple claims and cast votes that are straight Republican Tea Party anti-tax votes.

    In opposing the 2015-2024 Capital Improvement Plan (ostensibly to protest the streetcar) Vihstadt also voted against money for schools, public safety, parks, economic development, street paving and bridge renovation.

    And despite his claims to be for affordable housing, he declined to vote (recusing himself) on the only measure to come before the board that would help affordable housing.

    No need for a Republican in an independent mask on the County Board.

  • fendertweed

    Both Dems/Indep in this house voted Warner-Vihstadt.  And we are not one issue voters, there are many issues on which the current/recent Arl. Co. Board has alienated or disappointed us.

    That’s what makes America great, despite what many in the Arlington Dem caucus/ echo chamber seem to think. ;-o

    I expect Howze to win but I also see many more Vihstadt signs than expected in our neighborhood and many fewer Howze signs from usually reliable Dem sign-hosters.

  • This would make the election even MORE of a nail biter for Alan Howze.

    Starting in 1970, there have been seven elections where US Senate headed the ticket with an average turnout of 61.0% of Active Registrants.  Similarly, starting in 1974, there have been five contests in which the race for the House of Representatives topped the ballot with an average turnout of 50.5%.  This year’s Senate turnout will probably be no more than 69,000 which is less than 50% of Active Registrants.

    “The Great Fizzle” is a product of an absolute absence of suspense in the contests for the two Federal offices on this year’s ballot.  In prior years, the Senate races were graced with such stimulants as good old Ollie North (‘I knew Ollie North and Ed Gillespie is no Ollie North!’) or the magic of a ‘Macaca moment.’   In 2002, when former Senator John Warner was unopposed, Arlington voters were at least stimulated by the prospect of a regional tax.  This year, the big question is whether Mark Warner’s lead over his opponent is down to a single digit.  The contest for the vacant 8th District seat (the stealth campaign) lacks even that stimulant.

    None of this bodes well for Mr. Howze knocking off County Board incumbent John Vihstadt.  Drop off could reduce turnout in that race to as low as 60,000 causing Republican hearts to beat faster as whoever garners a mere 30,000 votes could win the day.  This consideration, however, is offset by the realization that the best performance by a non-Democratic candidate for County Board occurred in the Presidential year of 2012, when Republican Matt Wavro received 25,252 votes.  Perhaps an “Independent incumbent” can do better this year, but I doubt that victory will result.